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Most of these brokers offer free demo accounts so you can test the brokers and their platforms with virtual money. Give it a try with some play money before using your own cash.

Not all Forex brokers accept US clients. For your convenience we specified those that accept US Forex traders as clients.

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The STP model of brokerage, operated by ECN brokers, is accepted globally as the most transparent way to do forex trading. However, it is important to understand why this is the case and the benefits that this brokerage model has for the end user.

All brokers in the forex market are not created equal. It is therefore important to have some knowledge of the various categories of brokers that operate in the forex market. In the forex market, we have the following categories of brokers:

Market makers make the market for their clients. Their clients are usually retail clients who have small trading capital which is not enough to gain access to the interbank forex market where the liquidity providers operate. The liquidity providers (LP) are major banks that buy and sell currencies. They trade in billions of units of various currencies. Small traders do not have the capacity to provide the liquidity that is required to sustain these operations, and this is where the market makers come in. Market makers work by taking these large positions off the LPs, aggregate the orders of their retail clients, and then split the positions between the retail clients by fulfilling their orders at the dealing desk level, thus making the market for these retail clients.

An STP broker is a forex broker that offers Straight Through Processing of trade orders. These are brokers that send the traders orders straight to the liquidity providers (major banks) for trade order processing and fulfillment. Straight Through Processing (STP) is possible thanks to the development of the Financial Information Exchange (FIX) protocol. The core essence of the STP model is to shorten trade execution time, reduce slippage/re-quotes and ensure that traders get the best pricing. So STP describesthe processby which non-dealing desk brokers route their orders.

ECN stands for Electronic Communication Network. ECN brokers provide pricing from several liquidity providers and display these various bid and ask prices to their traders. They also display the market depth and the order book, allowing traders to know who is buying and who is selling what currencies in the market. ECN brokers therefore provide their clients with direct access to the interbank market, pass their traders orders straight for processing to the LPs, and ensure that traders have more information about the activity of other traders in the market. So ECN describes the technology that makes all this happen.

A DMA broker is a broker that gives its end users direct market access to the interbank market in buying or selling currencies. Only non-dealing desk brokers provide such access; dealing desk brokers fulfill orders in-house and therefore are not DMA brokers. DMA therefore describes the accessibility of traders to transparent pricing from the interbank forex market.

Dealing desk (DD) brokers are essentially market makers. Dealing desk brokers usually provide trade order fulfillment in-house within a department known as the Dealing Desk. The name dealing desk is actually a misnomer, as it confuses a lot of people and misleads them into thinking that it is a single desk within the brokerage, manned by just one or two members of staff of the brokerage. In fact, the dealing desk is an entire department which runs the back end of the trade order and execution process of a market maker brokerage. Dealing desk brokers usually buy off large long and short orders from liquidity providers, then split this up and sell them as counterparties to the end users (retail traders). Dealing desk brokers therefore assume a position of conflict of interest, as they are essentially holding positions against the trader. They profit from trades where the trader loses, and lose money when the trader wins.

Non-dealing desk (NDD) brokers do not handle trade order fulfillments in-house. Rather, they route traders orders from the traders computers straight to the interbank market where liquidity providers will fulfill these orders at the bid/ask prices stipulated by the trader. There is no conflict of interest since the no dealing desk broker is a bystander in the trade process.

Pros and Cons of Electronic Communication Network Broker

Access to cutting edge technology for trading

Pros and Cons of Straight Through Processing Brokers

Not trading against a broker with conflict of interest

Not all orders go to Tier 1 liquidity providers

Trader competes with others at the interbank market and not with a broker

It is expensive to trade with a DMA broker as trades attract commissions

How to Distinguish between MM, STP or ECN Brokers

You can distinguish between market makers and ECN brokers by using the following barometers.

What kind of trading platform does the broker offer?

What are the capital requirements for operating the trading account?

Is the trader able to visualize several bid/ask prices from the liquidity providers, or is one fixed price provided?

Do re-quotes or slippage occur during the trade process?

This table below sums up the differences between market makers and ECN/STP brokers.

Typically, retail platforms such as the MetaTrader4/5, JForex, NinjaTrader, ActForex, are offered.

Liquidity requirements of trading on the interbank market mean that account capital requirements for trading with an ECN broker is at between $20,000 and $50,000.

The broker makes the market, therefore capital requirements are small. A trader can open a retail account with a market maker for as low as $200.

Level II quotes are provided and these can be visualized.

Slippage and re-quotes do not occur with ECN brokers.

Traders pay a commission on trade entry and exit, as well as incurring the spread on the currency pair.

It is important to understand these differences as there are many market maker brokers now parading themselves as ECN brokers, and yet offering accounts for as low as $500. By the very nature of the forex market and its liquidity structure, it is not possible to offer ECN-style trading conditions for such low amounts.

Heres our recommendations of the best ECN/STP/DMA brokers based on service, product and usability.

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