In the forex market, you buy or sell currencies.
Placing a trade in the foreign exchange market is simple. The mechanics of a trade are very similar to those found in other financial markets (like the stock market), so if you have any experience in trading, you should be able to pick it up pretty quickly.
And if you dont, youll still be able to pick it up.as long as you finish our School of Pipsology!
The objective of forex trading is to exchange one currency for another in the expectation that the price will change.
More specifically, that the currency you bought will increase in value compared to the one you sold.
You purchase 10,000 euros at the EUR/USD exchange rate of
Two weeks later, you exchange your 10,000 euros back into U.S. dollar at the exchange rate of
An exchange rate is simply the ratio of one currency valued against another currency.
For example, the USD/CHF exchange rate indicates how many U.S. dollars can purchase one Swiss franc, or how many Swiss francs you need to buy one U.S. dollar.
Currencies are always quoted in pairs, such as GBP/USD or USD/JPY. The reason they are quoted in pairs is because, in every foreign exchange transaction,you are simultaneously buying one currency and selling another.
Here is an example of a foreign exchange rate for the British pound versus the U.S. dollar:
The first listed currency to the left of the slash (/) is known as the
(in this example, the British pound), while the second one on the right is called the
When buying, the exchange rate tells you how much you have to pay in units of the quote currency to buyONE unit of the base currency. In the example above, you have to pay 1.51258 U.S. dollars to buy 1 British pound.
When selling, the exchange rate tells you how many units of the quote currency you get for sellingONE unit of the base currency.
In the example above, you will receive 1.51258 U.S. dollars when you sell 1 British pound.
The base currency is the basis for the buy or the sell.
If you buy EUR/USD this simply means that you are buying the base currency and simultaneously selling the quote currency.
the pair if you believe the base currency will appreciate (gain value) relative to the quote currency.
the pair if you think the base currency will depreciate (lose value) relative to the quote currency.
First, you should determine whether you want tobuyorsell.
If you want to buy (which actually means buy the base currency and sell the quote currency), you want the base currency to rise in value and then you would sell it back at a higher price.
In traders talk, this is called going long or taking a long position. Just remember:long = buy.
If you want to sell (which actually means sell the base currency and buy the quote currency), you want the base currency to fall in value and then you would buy it back at a lower price.
This is called going short or taking a short position. Just remember:short = sell.
All forex quotes are quoted with two prices: thebidandask.
Thebidis the price at which your broker is willing tobuythe base currency in exchange for the quote currency.
This means the bid is the best available price at which you (the trader) will sell to the market.
If you want to sell something, the broker will buy it from you at the bid price.
Theaskis the price at which your broker willsellthe base currency in exchange for the quote currency.
This means the ask price is the best available price at which you will buy from the market.
If you want to buy something, the broker will sell (or offer) it to you at the ask price.
The difference between the bid and the ask price is known as theSPREAD.
On the EUR/USD quote above, the bid price is 1.34568 and the ask price is 1.34588. Look at how this broker makes it so easy for you to trade away your money.
If you want to sell EUR, you click Sell and you will sell euros at 1.34568.
If you want to buy EUR, you click Buy and you will buy euros at 1.34588.
Heres an illustration that puts together everything weve covered in this lesson:
Margin Trading 101: Understand How Your Margin Account Works
Trading Scenario: Margin Call Level at 100% and No Separate Stop Out Level
Trading Scenario: Margin Call Level at 100% and Stop Out Level at 50%
Trading Scenario: What Happens If You Trade With Just $100?
Warning: Different Forex Brokers Have Different Margin Call and Stop Out Levels
Things may come to those who wait, but only the things left by those who hustle.Abraham Lincoln
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